Former Philippine Defense Minister Voltaire Gazmin then found that on June 25, 2016, he and indonesia`s defense minister agreed to rely on a 1975 Philippine-Indonesian cross-border agreement to serve as the basis for the agreement, as this agreement “allows Indonesian and Philippine security forces to conduct persecution operations against bandits inside the other`s maritime areas. He stressed, however, that all new operations “should be coordinated between the countries involved.” (Id.; Revised Agreement on the Crossing of the Border between the Republic of the Philippines and the Republic of Indonesia (Mar. 11, 1975).) While foreign forces are not allowed to operate inside the country, Gazmin said that “in exceptional circumstances,” “provided they are not armed—foreign troops may be allowed to cooperate with Philippine troops to serve as interpreters or provide the necessary information.” (Laude & Sy, above) India had initially proposed a plan to build a 900 km Chabahar-Zahedan-Hajigak railway line linking Chabahar to the mineral-rich Hajigak region of Afghanistan.   In 2011, seven Indian companies acquired the rights to dismantle the Hajigak region of central Afghanistan, which contains Asia`s largest iron ore deposit. The Indian government had pledged $2 billion to develop supporting infrastructure.  In May 2016, a Memorandum of Understanding was also signed to finance the planned Chabahar-Zahedan railway section of the Chabahar-Zahedan-Hajigak railway line as part of the North-South Corridor by the Ircon International public unit of the Indian Railway.  In January 2018, Iran and India signed a railway cooperation agreement worth $2 billion. Part of the deal is for a $600 million memorandum of understanding for Iran to buy locomotives and freight cars from India.  Under a separate trilateral agreement, India, Afghanistan and Iran agreed to establish a land transit and trade corridor. The three nations have conducted lengthy negotiations since 2003, but the lifting of sanctions against Tehran in January has improved the port`s development prospects.
The defence leaders of the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia signed a trilateral cooperation agreement on 14 July 2016 in Jakarta in which they agreed to “promote the operationalization of the standard operating procedure (SOP) for maritime patrols and the delivery of immediate assistance; operating guidelines for information and information sharing; and a combined communication plan. (Defense ministers reaffirm trilateral cooperation agreement, Philippine News Agency website (August 8, 2016).) When drafting the agreement in June 2016, defense officials from the three countries agreed to set up a combined force of maritime marches to deter kidnappings and other cross-border crimes such as piracy. . . .